Do I need planning permission?
Getting planning permission for that dream extension or for essential maintenance can be a nightmare. Planning regulation is complex and many people have fallen into the pitfalls that await the ill-informed. As a starting point, we’ve distilled some key facts about what building projects do and don’t need planning permission and how to go about getting planning permission if you need it.
If you want to build something new or make a major change to your building you will probably need planning permission. If your project needs planning permission and you do the work without getting it, you can be served an enforcement notice ordering you to undo all the changes you have made. So don’t risk it and check which projects need planning permission before you start.
An addition or extension to your house* is generally considered to be permitted development. So, you won’t need to go through the additional hassle of getting planning permission as long as:
- Your extension is no more than half the area of land around the original house (curtilage). The “original house” is seen as it was in 1948; after this date how it was newly built
- Your extension is not forward of the principal elevation or side elevation onto a highway
- Your extension is not higher than the highest part of the roof
- In the case of single storey extensions, it must not extend beyond the rear wall of the original house by more than eight metres for a detached house, or more then six metres for any other house
- The maximum height of your single-storey rear extension is not higher than four metres
- Extensions of more than one storey do not extend beyond the rear wall of the original house by more than three metres
- Side extensions are single storey with maximum height of four metres and width no more than half that of the original house
- Two-storey extensions are no closer than seven metres to rear boundary
- The materials are similar in appearance to the existing house
- Your extension does not include verandas, balconies or raised platforms
- Any upper-floor, side-facing windows are obscure-glazed; any opening is 1.7m above the floor
Conservatories are categorised as the same as any other extension, as set out above.
*Different rules apply to flats and maisonettes.
Garages, sheds and other outbuildings
Outbuildings such as sheds, garages, greenhouses and some other structures like garden rooms are also considered to be permitted development. You can build a garage or outbuilding on your property without planning permission as long as it’s of a reasonable size – no higher than 4 metres. Do bear in mind though that outbuildings cannot take up more than half of the land around the original property. There are always exceptions so contact your Local Planning Authority or visit the Planning Portal for further details of planning exemptions for outbuildings.
Paving over the front garden
As long as the material you are using is porous there is no need for planning permission whatever the size of the new hardstanding. However, if the material is impermeable, anything over 5 square metres requires planning permission.
Windows and doors
In most cases there is no need for planning permission to repair or replace windows and doors. Listed properties are the exception. In which case, you will have to obtain listed building consent. And don’t forget you will need Building Control approval for windows.
External walls and roof
For minor exterior maintenance works, or improvements such as painting your house or inserting a skylight, you do not need planning permission. As always this is not the case for listed buildings. If you live in a conservation area or an area of outstanding natural beauty, you need planning permission if you wish to change the appearance of your home. If you live in a flat and you wish to alter the roof you should consult the local planning authority before you start any work.
Wind turbines and solar panels
Temporary wind turbines do not require planning permission but permanent ones usually do. If you are unsure contact your local authority. Solar panels do not require planning permission unless you live in a listed property.
Fences, gates, and walls
Planning permission is necessary for any fence, gate, or wall:
- Next to a road and over 1 metre high
- Over 2 metres and not next to a road
- If your house is listed
- If it forms a boundary with a listed building
Trees and hedges
Many trees are protected by tree preservation orders and you will need permission to prune them. Contact your council to check if any trees on your land are protected.
Similarly, you need planning permission for work done to any trees in conservation areas. To find out if a tree on your property is protected contact your local council.
Hedges can be any height but you are responsible for any hedge on your property. It’s your job to stop them becoming a nuisance to your neighbours.
Nearly all internal works such as loft conversions, garage conversions, new staircases, bathrooms, kitchens, or rewiring, do not require planning permission. But, do check if you want to do anything to a listed property or you live within a Conservation area.
How to get planning permission
According to our 2019 Annual HomeOwner Survey, 27% of homeowners – or 4.7 million people – said planning permission is a major obstacle to getting home renovations done. So how do you ensure problems with planning permission don’t put a stop to your plans?
Unless you already have a local architect designing and submitting your plans, and one with a track record of obtaining planning permission in your area, a good planning consultant can be helpful in determining local planning restrictions, targets and preferences to ensure your project is tailored accordingly. They can help you to get planning permission.
They may suggest you start with an informal meeting with your local planning authority (LPA) before you submit an application. Some local planning authorities charge for this service. A pre-planning application meeting helps the LPA deal with your planning application when it is formally submitted.
Ahead of this meeting, you will need to have proposals and plans of what you want to do. Be ready to describe your proposals and if possible show the LPA designs – with current floor plans and proposed new design. According to the Planning Portal it’s a good idea at this meeting to:
- Ask for an assessment of whether there is a reasonable chance of getting planning permission.
- Discuss site problems such as roads, footpaths, power cables, watercourses, sewers and telephone lines.
- Ask about potential problems such as noise and traffic, and whether the council might impose conditions to overcome these problems rather than refuse planning permission.
Planning application drawings
A key point in the process of getting planning permission is creating your design drawings. Whether it’s a small straightforward single storey extension on the back of your house, or something more ambitious, you will need a set of accurate floor plans for your designs and elevations (which show the vertical view of your design internally and externally).
These drawings need to be to scale and demonstrate how your project is in keeping with its surroundings. You can do the design drawings yourself or use a local architect’s firm that specialises in obtaining planning permission.
As well as your designs, you are likely to need technical drawings in order to get building regulations approval (see below) and for your builder. These provide in depth plans for each element of your project and materials that should be used. A structural engineer can look at your existing and proposed plans and advise on the building materials required and whether any reinforcements are needed and if so where. They can also produce the technical drawings you will need.
When you’re ready, you can submit your plans for planning approval online
And don’t forget…
- Building regulations: Whether you need planning permission or not, your building work still needs to comply with building regulations. This is for your safety, to improve the energy efficiency of your home (and reduce bills) and to ensure you can sell your house in future without any costly problems or delays. Make it clear to whoever carries out your building work that you expect them to ensure their work is compliant with building regulations. But, be warned: the building owner is ultimately responsible. You can be served a notice to pull down or alter the work if it doesn’t comply with the building regulations. Read more about this in our guide Do I need Building Regulations Approval?
- Party wall: You also need to be aware that if you have a shared party wall with your neighbour, you may require a party wall agreement. Read our guide to Party Wall Agreements.