How long does it take to buy or sell a home?
Buying and selling a home can take a frustratingly long time, but one of the worst aspects is not knowing how long you will be stuck at each stage. We take you through the typical timelines for each stage of the house buying process and what you can do to help speed things along.
|How long does it take on average to sell a home?|
|Average time from a new home listing on the market to an offer being accepted||77 days (2 -3 months)|
|Time from acceptance of offer to property searches being ordered||36 days (over a month)|
|From searches being ordered to exchange of contracts||58 days (2 months)|
|From exchange of contracts to completion||7 days|
|Total time from new property listing to completion of sale||178 days or around 6 months|
Source: Based on data from ViewMyChain.com
How long does it take to buy a home?
Well, it’s not that simple because there are a number of factors involved which can extend the process. Here we look at the main pinch points and how you can speed things up.
Preparing your finances
It pays to get your finances in order well ahead of applying for a mortgage or making an offer. Make sure you check your credit score with one of the main agencies, Experian, Equifax or Call Credit as early as you can – ideally six months to a year before you start looking for a new home. Each agency has either free or low cost options to allow you to see your report and make sure there are no errors that could stop you getting a home loan. Make sure you are registered on the electoral roll as this will have a big impact on your score.
It can also be worth seeing a mortgage broker and getting what is known as an agreement in principle from a mortgage lender. This is an indication from a lender of how much they might be willing to offer you as a mortgage. It is based on what you have told them and they will not have checked at this point whether the details you have provided on your income and expenditure are correct, so it is only tentative. The lender will not have had a chance to appraise the property either, so it really is just an initial view. However, it can be helpful if you have never bought a house before and want to get an early steer on how much you can borrow. It can also be very useful to convince the estate agent and seller that any offer you make for a property is serious and is likely to be supported by the bank.
Possible delays in the conveyancing process
Between the point that your offer is accepted by the seller and the completion of your house purchase there are many overlapping processes which take place. Let’s take each in turn.
Once you have had your offer accepted by the property seller, it’s time to instruct a conveyancer and apply for your mortgage. You can prevent any hold-ups if you have already done your research on which conveyancing solicitor you want to use.
Your conveyancing solicitor will kick things off, contacting the buyer and seller’s solicitors as appropriate, conducting local searches and reviewing all relevant legal documents. Freehold properties are usually more straightforward. If you are buying a leasehold, a property with restrictive covenants or using a government scheme such as Help to Buy, the process can take longer.
You should make your mortgage application at this stage, either through a broker or by contacting a lender directly if you have done your own research. From applying for a mortgage to receiving an offer is likely to take around 18-40 days (3 to 6 weeks). You may already have received an agreement in principle, but if some time has elapsed since you received that document, the lender in question might not be the most competitive on the market, so it’s important that your broker or you check again at this point.
You should expect a lot of communication back and forth between yourself, your mortgage lender, your conveyancer and the buyer and/or seller’s solicitor. Many of these timings will be out of your control, but you can do your bit by being responsive. David Hollingworth of L&C Mortgages says: “It is important to be on top of your game and answer queries quickly to keep things moving. If you look after your side of the process then hopefully the other parties involved will do the same.”
Your mortgage lender will want to instruct its own surveyor to carry out a valuation survey, which can take anything from a few days to over a week if the market is particularly busy. This valuation is only for the mortgage lender’s benefit, so we advise homebuyers to instruct your own surveyor to carry out a more detailed inspection of the condition of the property. Read more about the different types of survey here.
The survey may highlight areas needing to be addressed and you may need to take additional time consulting local tradesman to give you an estimate so you know how much any problems would cost to put right. If the costs are significant, you can reduce your may want to renegotiate you offer which again can add additional time to the process. But all this will add delays to the porcess so act as quickly and decisively as you can. Read our guide on What to do if you get a bad survey report
You must also arrange building insurance for your new property to take effect on the day you exchange so shop around now. It is usually a condition of the mortgage agreement.
From exchange to completion
Once all the searches are complete and satisfactory and the mortgage is in place it is time to exchange contracts. Before doing so you should agree with your buyer and seller a date for completion. On completion day the seller’s solicitor will confirm that the money has been received and from this point you will be free to move in. This normally takes place around midday.