HomeOwners Alliance logo

Sign up to our newsletter for the latest property news, tips & money saving offers

  • Selling up? Step by Step Guide to SellingRead More

Homes Held Hostage – the rise and abuse of leasehold

Our latest report sheds light on the true scale, shocking practices and widespread consumer misunderstanding of the leasehold property market

Leasehold Property Market video report

  • Estimated 1.577 million leasehold owner-occupied properties are not legally ‘owned’ by their leaseholders
  • True rate of home ownership in the UK is therefore just 58.9%, significantly lower than official government figures
  • 42% of leaseholders do not know the length of time remaining on their lease
  • Of those that do, almost a quarter are under 80 years (around 370,000 homes). The cost of extending these is likely to exceed £4 billion 

You can download a full pdf or print pages from inside –––>

A new report released today by the HomeOwners Alliance sheds new light on the true scale of the leasehold property market, as well as, the widespread malpractice and lack of consumer understanding which is increasingly characterising this growing sector.

Homes Held Hostage shows how 1.577 million British ‘owner-occupiers’ do not truly own their own home in the eyes of the law, and how this is exacerbating the country’s homeownership crisis. Were these numbers to be included in official government figures, the true rate of homeownership in the UK (which is already declining) would plunge to just 58.9%, a figure comparable with the early 1980s.

Our research has also identified widespread confusion among consumers over the leasehold system, along with an alarmingly high number of properties which imminently require lease extensions. Only 58% of leaseholders questioned said they knew the length of their current lease, and of those that did, almost a quarter (24%) said that it was under 80 years (typically seen by agents and mortgage lenders as the point at which the lease begins to adversely affect a property’s value and ‘mortgageability’). Analysis of these figures suggests that over £4 billion will need to be paid to freeholders by leaseholders to extend these leases over the coming years.

Further investigatory research showed that less than half of adverts on popular property websites were clear as to the correct tenure of a property. Only 49% of flat listings specified whether the property was a share of freehold or a leasehold property. Furthermore, only a quarter of the listings (24%) were specific about the length of time left on the lease; a piece of information vital for the potential purchaser to be able to make an accurate assessment of value.

Commenting on the Homes Held Hostage report,

Paula Higgins, Chief Executive of the HomeOwners Alliance, said: 

Leasehold ownership can be traced back to the Domesday Book and it is a practice that should be relegated to history. Unscrupulous and avaricious actors within the property industry are using sharp leasehold practices to line their own pockets and fleece householders. Developers and estate management companies rely on leasehold to bamboozle consumers, charge exorbitant administration fees, ever increasing ground rents and render properties unsellable. 

The situation is exacerbated by the fact that many estate agents are themselves ignorant about leasehold and fail to inform and educate their customers properly. The Government needs to take urgent legislative action to protect people from these practices, help people who are already trapped and avert a full-blown crisis. Our report highlights the problems and makes a series of simple and sensible recommendations that could be introduced.”

Labour’s Shadow Housing Secretary,  John Healey said:

“This report shines new light on the difficulties faced by some home-owners who own their home on a leasehold basis – often in the dark about the exact terms of their lease and currently unprotected from punitive terms including huge rises in rip-off ‘ground rents’.”

Our report makes ten recommendations as to how policymakers can legislate to prevent the abuse of leasehold and ameliorate the situation for those already stuck in a leasehold trap:

  • Commit to scaling back leasehold
  • Review of the whole leasehold system
  • Outlaw the creation of new leasehold houses
  • Outlaw the doubling of ground rents
  • Mandatory commonhold tenure for all newly-built blocks of flats or apartments
  • All lease extensions to be 250 years minimum with a peppercorn rent
  • Standardised leasehold contracts
  • Make it faster and fairer to buy and sell leasehold properties
  • Provide accurate and timely information to purchasers
  • Extend the rights afforded to private leaseholders to other groups

Click to read our full investigative report ‘Homes Held Hostage’

Leave a comment (4)* Required

  1. Patrick TaylorPatrick Taylor

    I am so pleased to see somebody is taking on the scandals of the housing market.

    For several years I was a managing agent after having run a development where I lived for a few years and sorted out the problems there.

    On moving to a new City I took a job with a firm of managing agents who were bought in under the umbrella of an insurance company. It was scandalously badly organised and under-resourced.

    As the clerk who dealt with all the legal work it was very interesting to solve the problems of many flat companies, and answer the legal enquiries before sale.

    In my estimation solicitors/conveyancers often missed the important questions and from talking to the flat-owners most of them had never had the meaning of the lease explained to them. I actually started an evening class to help flat dwellers get a handle on leases, and how to plan ahead for major works.

    However what has happened in the past decade or two is an affront to decency relying on the unqualified being guided by sharks to make unfair purchases. I would say that there are many good solicitors but certainly the building majors seem to be able to find some who appear not to be so good.

    I wish you every success in campaigning to right the wrongs.


  2. Julie BJulie B


  3. Julie BJulie B

    My estate agent effectively overvalued my flat in 2015, despite me giving them full information about the length of the leasehold.

    Their ignorance led to delays, stress and being gazundered/chipped with all the added hasdse and delay at the last minute by an equally overestimated renewal cost. In the end I lost £17k on my sale, and had £8k instead of £25 I had expected to ease my move to a new area. I had to get a job straight away and skimp on things I had planned to buy. It would have been far worse had I had a new mortgage to deal with.

    Leasehold is only a problem when it is not handled correctly, and when estate agents (and solicitors) are ill informed.

  4. EmmaEmma

    I purchased my first property last year, a leasehold flat. The online agents advertised it as having 93 years on the lease, however my conveyancing solicitor soon found out there were only actually 80 years left (this was after I had paid for searches and surveys. Although I managed to negotiate money off the price I still feel that the agents should have seen proof of the length of lease before advertising the property.

Buying a home? We’re here to help! 

property apps

✓ First time buyer?

✓ Need advice on estate agents?

✓ Stressed about moving?


We can help you through the key stages of buying a home

Read our step-by-step guide >

Sign up for our weekly newsletter

close popup ×

Before   you go...

If you found this website useful, could you spare a minute to leave us a review?