The Bank of Mum and Dad – how to help your child buy a home
First time buyers are finding it harder than ever to get the money together to finance their first home and increasingly turning to the Bank of Mum and Dad for help. But what are the options and what do you need to watch for?
How can I help my child buy a home?
With property prices out of sync with wages, high rents and harsher lending criteria in recent years, it’s no surprise people need a helping hand to get into home ownership.
The “Bank of Mum and Dad” is set to fund 25% of mortgage transactions this year, according to a recent research report by the insurance provider Legal & General.
Before you make any decisions, seek advice
Helping your child get on the housing ladder may seem like the right thing to do but it should not compromise your own financial security.
Think about your options and their long-term implications and always seek independent financial advice for your own particular situation.
“Some banks won’t accept a deposit that has been borrowed because the money comes with strings attached.”
Most banks will accept a deposit that has been gifted (or partly gifted) but they will usually ask for written confirmation from you stating it is a true gift.
They basically want to know that if the worst came to worse and they had to repossess the house, you don’t have an interest in the property.
Are there any tax implications to gifting money?
There is no income tax to pay as gifts of cash are not classed as a source of income.
When it comes to inheritance tax, it is all about the ‘seven year rule’. You can give as much as you want without incurring inheritance tax, provided you are still alive after seven years.
If your estate is worth more than £325,000 and you die within seven years, your child may get landed with an inheritance tax bill.
Gifts of up to £3,000 within a tax year are exempt from inheritance tax.
Some banks won’t accept a deposit that has been borrowed because the money comes with strings attached. It will limit the number of deals your child can apply for and the amount they can borrow.
Alternatives to a gift or loan
If you can’t afford to give your child a lump sum of money, there are other options. You can give:
- Equity as security
You can use a portion of the equity in your home as additional security against the loan. So, if your child takes on a loan for 100% of the property, you can use the value of your home as security against 25% of the loan.
If nothing goes wrong, it shouldn’t cost you anything. Should they default on the mortgage, you would be liable for a portion of the loan.
- Savings as security
You can use your savings as additional security for the mortgage. You would need to put your savings into a savings account with the lender for a set period of time.
You can also offset your savings against the amount your child owes on the mortgage, reducing how much interest they pay. The money is deducted from the mortgage, making the repayments cheaper.
The main drawback is that you cannot access your savings until the term is up and savings account may offer little or no interest.
With these options, your child will have to prove they can afford the repayments for the entire loan.
To make sure your child gets the best mortgage deal on the market, get fee free advice from our mortgage experts at London & Country today.
A guarantor mortgage is a product where you, as a parent or close relative, act as a guarantor for 100 per cent of the mortgage debt. Essentially, you are agreeing to cover the mortgage payments if your child fails to do so.
The guarantor can be removed from the mortgage at a later date if your child can prove they are able to take on the debt by themselves.
Guarantor mortgages have been phased out in recent years but they haven’t completed vanished from the market. To see what guarantor mortgage options are available speak to our fee free mortgage Advisers today.
Buy a property with your child
You could take out a joint mortgage with your child, making you equally liable for the repayment of the loan. The upside is that with your combined incomes, you may be able afford to take on a larger loan.
If it is your second home and you are still on the mortgage when the property is sold, there may be capital gains tax (CGT) liabilities.
Some lenders will let you take on a joint mortgage but your name doesn’t have to be added to the property’s title deeds, allowing you to side step paying CGT.
Always make sure you get the right advice before you make any decisions.
How can I protect my money?
If you are giving your child money for a deposit and they are buying with their partner or friend, you can protect the money you have gifted in the event they split up. Have a declaration of trust document drawn up that states who owns what part of the property in the event of sale.
If you would like more tailored advice on how to help your child buy a home, join us as a member.
- The HOA Step-by-Step Guide to Buying a Home
- How to save for a deposit
- What type of mortgage should I get?
- Mortgages for over 55s
- How the government can help you buy a home
- Top Tips for buying a new build home
- How to find the right conveyancer or solicitor
- How to make money from your home